The New Testament in Antiquity, 2nd Edition

The New Testament in Antiquity, 2nd Edition

A Survey of the New Testament within Its Cultural Contexts

Gary M. Burge, Gene L. Green
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  • 9780310114192
  • Digital Enhanced Edition
  • Desktop, iOS, Android
  • April 14, 2020

  • New Testament Studies

About the Authors

Gary M. Burge

Gary M. Burge

PhD, University of Aberdeen

Gary M. Burge is professor of New Testament at Calvin Theological Seminary. Gary has authored Who Are God’s People in the Middle East? What Christians Are Not Being Told About Israel and the Palestinians; John and Letters of John in the NIV Application Commentary series; The New Testament in Antiquity (couthored with Gene Green); and the first two volumes in the Ancient Context, Ancient Faith series, The Bible and the Land and Jesus, the Middle Eastern Storyteller.

Gene L. Green

Gene L. Green

PhD, Kings College, Aberdeen University

Gene L. Green is dean of Trinity International University’s Florida campus. Previously, he served as professor of New Testament at Wheaton College and Graduate School. His special research interest is the intersection of the Christian faith and cultures, both ancient and contemporary. Gene has pastored and taught in churches in the United States and Latin America since 1972.


This completely revised and updated second edition of The New Testament in Antiquity skillfully develops how Jewish, Hellenistic, and Roman cultures formed the essential environment in which the New Testament authors wrote their books and letters. Understanding of the land, history, and culture of the ancient world brings remarkable new insights into how we read the New Testament itself.

Throughout the book, numerous features provide windows into the first-century world. Nearly 500 full color photos, charts, maps, and drawings have been carefully selected. Additional features include sidebars that integrate the book's material with issues of interpretation, discussion questions, and bibliographies.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

  • Abbreviations

  • 1. Studying the New Testament

  • 2. The Historical Setting of the New Testament

  • 3. The World of Jesus in His Jewish Homeland

  • 4. The Mediterranean World of the Apostle Paul

  • 5. Sources for the Story of Jesus

  • 6. The Story of Jesus

  • 7. The Teachings of Jesus

  • 8. The Gospel According to Matthew

  • 9. The Gospel According to Mark

  • 10. The Gospel According to Luke

  • 11. The Gospel According to John

  • 12. The Acts of the Apostles

  • 13. Paul of Tarsus: Life and Teachings

  • 14. The Letter to the Galatians

  • 15. 1 and 2 Thessalonians

  • 16. 1 Corinthians

  • 17. 2 Corinthians

  • 18. The Letter to the Romans

  • 19. Colossians and Ephesians

  • 20. Philippians and Philemon

  • 21. The Pastoral Letters: 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus

  • 22. The Letter to the Hebrews

  • 23. The Letter of James

  • 24. 1 and 2 Peter and Jude

  • 25. The Letters of John

  • 26. The Revelation of John

  • 27. The Preservation and Communication of the New Testament

  • Scripture Index

  • Noncanonical Ancient Sources Index

  • Subject Index


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