An Introduction to Biblical Greek Grammar

An Introduction to Biblical Greek Grammar

Elementary Syntax and Linguistics
Dana M. Harris
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  • 9780310128168
  • Digital Enhanced Edition
  • Desktop, iOS, Android
  • September 29, 2020

  • Languages - Greek

About the Authors

Dana M. Harris

Dana M. Harris

Ph.D., Trinity Evangelical Divinity School

Dana M. Harris is associate professor of New Testament at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deerfield, Illinois and editor of the Trinity Journal. Dr. Harris has been teaching Koine Greek and developing innovative teaching materials for over thirty years, including twenty years at the seminary level. She is author of Hebrews in the Exegetical Guide to the Greek New Testament series (Broadman & Holman) and is currently working on two books on Revelation.


An Introduction to Biblical Greek Grammar focuses on the linguistic and syntactic elements of Koine Greek to equip learners for accurate interpretation. Drawing upon twenty years of Greek teaching experience and the latest developments in linguistics and syntax, Harris introduces students to basic linguistic concepts and categories necessary for grasping Greek in ways that are clear and intuitive. This solid foundation enables students first to internalize key concepts, then to apply and build upon them as more complex ideas are introduced.

Several features are specifically designed to aid student's learning:

  • The Greek alphabet.
  • Key concepts are graphically coded to offer visual reinforcement of explanations and to facilitate learning forms and identifying their functions.
  • Key concepts are followed by numerous examples from the Greek New Testament.
  • Students learn how to mark Greek texts so that they can begin to "see" the syntax, identify the boundaries of syntactic units, and construct syntactic outlines as part of their preaching or teaching preparation.
  • Four integrative chapters, roughly corresponding to the midterms and final exams of a two-semester sequence, summarize material to date and reinforce key concepts. Here students are also introduced to exegetical and interpretive concepts and practices that they will need for subsequent Greek studies and beyond.
  • "Going Deeper" and "For the Curious" offer supplemental information for students interested in learning more or in moving to advanced language study.

The accompanying workbook and video lectures reinforce key concepts through additional contact with the material from each chapter of the grammar. All exercises in the workbook are taken from the Greek New Testament and the Septuagint and include extensive syntactical and exegetical notes to aid students.

Table of Contents

  • List of Supplemental Discussions

  • Dear First-Year Greek Instructors

  • Getting Started! Course Goals and Study Strategies Symbols Used in This Textbook Abbreviations

  • 1. Image-Bearers, Language, Linguistics, and Greek: From Theological Reflections to Learning the Alphabet

  • 2. The Greek Verb from Cruising Altitude: Fasten Your Seatbelts, Please!

  • 3. How to Build a Verb: The Present Active and Middle Indicative

  • 4. The Greek Noun: A Case of Form and Function

  • 5. The Article and the Adjective; the Verb εἰμί

  • 6. Prepositions and Basic Conjunctions; Personal Pronouns

  • 7. The Imperfect Active and Middle Indicative; More on Prepositions

  • 8. Etceteras: More on Cases and Voice

  • Integration of Chapters 1–7

  • 9. Relatives, Demonstratives, and More Prepositions

  • 10. Roots, Stems, and (Principal) Parts; the Aorist Active and Middle Indicative

  • 11. Passives (Present, Imperfect, Aorist Indicatives) and Conditionals (First, Second Class)

  • 12. Third Declension Paradigms: The Rest of Nouns and Adjectives; More Pronouns (Interrogative and Indefinite)

  • 13. The Present Participle and Participle Basics

  • 14. Etceteras: More on Adjectives, Verbs, and Adverbs

  • Integration of Chapters 9–13

  • 15. The Aorist Participle and Additional Participle Functions

  • 16. The Perfect and Pluperfect Indicative

  • 17. The Perfect Participle and More Participle Functions

  • 18. Contract Verbs

  • 19. The Future Indicative and Participle

  • 20. Etceteras: Fine-Tuning εἰμί and γίνομαι; More on Conjunctions

  • Integration of Chapters 15–19

  • 21. The Subjunctive: Forms and Functions

  • 22. The Imperative: Forms and Functions; More Pronouns

  • 23. The Infinitive: Forms and Functions

  • 24. μι Verbs: Finite Forms

  • 25. μι Verbs: Nonfinite Forms

  • 26. The Optative: Forms and Functions

  • 27. Outlining New Testament Passages: Structural and Narrative Outlines

  • 28. Etceteras: Expressing Purpose and Conditionality; More on Conjunctions and Clauses

  • Integration of Chapters 21–27

  • Appendices

  • Glossary

  • Lexicon

  • Subject Index

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